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八年级英语下册第二单元知识点语法点汇总归纳

高速云 初中资料 2021-05-07 08:01:05 0
  Unit 2 What should I do?
 
  重点短语
 
  1.too loud太大声
 
  2.out of style过时的
 
  3.in style流行的
 
  4.call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb.给…..打电话
 
  5.enough money足够的钱(enough修饰名词时不必后置)
 
  6.busy enough够忙(enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)
 
  7.a ticket to/for a ball game一张球赛的门票
 
  注意:the key to the lock/the key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem.此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格
 
  8.talk about谈论
 
  9.on the phone用电话
 
  10.pay for付款
 
  11.spend…on+sth.=spend...(in)doing sth.在…花钱
 
  12.It takes sb.sometime to do sth.某人做某事花…的时间
 
  13.borrow…from从….借(借进来)
 
  14.lend…to把…借给(借出去)
 
  15.You can keep the book for a week你可以借这本书一周。(不用borrow或lend)
 
  16.buy sth for sb为……买东西
 
  17.tell sb to do/not to do sth.sth告诉某人做某事
 
  18.want sb.to do sth.=would like sb.to do想某人做某事
 
  19.find out发现;查清楚;弄明白
 
  20.play one’s stereo放录象
 
  21.fail the test=not pass the test考试不及格
 
  22.fail in(doing)sth…在...上失败,变弱
 
  23.succeed in(doing)sth在...方面成功
 
  24.write sb a letter/write to sb.给某人写信
 
  25.surprise sb.使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人)
 
  26.to one’s surprise使某人吃惊的是…..
 
  27.to one’s joy使某人高兴的是…..
 
  28.look for a part-time job找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)
 
  29.get/find a part-time job找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)
 
  30.ask sb.for…寻求/向某人要某物
 
  31.have a bake sale卖烧烤
 
  32.argue with sb=have an argument with sb.与某人争吵
 
  33.have a fight with sb.=fight with与某人打架
 
  34.drop off离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去
 
  35.prepare for…=get ready for…为…做准备
 
  36.after-school clubs(activities)课外俱乐部(活动)
 
  l be/get used to doing习惯做某事
 
  l used to do过去经常/常常做某事
 
  l be used for doing=be used to do sth.被用于做某事
 
  37.fill…up填补;装满…be full of装满
 
  38.return sth.to sb.=give sth.back to sb.把某物归还给某人
 
  39.get on/along well with与…相处很好
 
  40.all kinds of各种各样
 
  41.as much as possible=as much as you can尽可能多
 
  42.take part in=join in参加(某种活动/集会)
 
  43.a bit=a little一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)
 
  44.a bit of=a little一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时)
 
  45.be angry with…生…的气
 
  46.by oneself=on one’s own某人自己/独自地
 
  47.on the one hand一方面
 
  48.on the other hand另一方面
 
  49.I find/feel/think it difficult to do...我发现/感到/认为做某事很难.
 
  50.see/hear/watch sb.doing sth.看到/听见/注视某人正在做…
 
  51.not…until直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)
 
  52.表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法:
 
  be/become+upset/tired/excited/interested/worried/surprised/amazed/annoyed
 
  说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是-ed结尾的单词,而当主语是某物时或修饰名词时,注意后面形容词一般是-ing结尾单词.)
 
  例如:I was surprised/interested/amazed when I heard the surprising/interesting/amazing news.
 
  53 radio advice program电台提建议的节目
 
  54 be original新颖的
 
  55.leave something somewhere把某物忘在某处
 
  56 sports clothes运动服
 
  57.the same age as=as old as和---年龄一样
 
  58.the tired children疲惫不堪的孩子
 
  59.complain about(doing sth)抱怨、、、
 
  60.take their children from activity to activity带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动
 
  61.try to do sth,尽量干某事try doing sth试着干某事
 
  62.be under too much pressure压力太大
 
  63.a mother of three三个孩子的妈妈
 
  64.take part in after-school clubs参加课后俱乐部
 
  65.compepition starts from a very young age竞争从很小年纪就开始了
 
  66.compare…with和---比较
 
  67.organized activities有组织的活动
 
  本单元目标句型:
 
  1.What’s wrong(with you)?/What’s the matter?
 
  2.What should I do?我该怎么办
 
  3.You could write him a letter.你可以给他写封信.You should say sorry to him.你应该给他道歉.
 
  4.They shouldn’t argue.他们不应该争吵.J
 
  5.Why don’t you talk to him about it?
 
  =Why not talk to him about it?=You should/could talk to him about it.
 
  =What/How about talking to him about it.=You’d better talk to him about it.
 
  6.The parents try to fit as much as possible into their kids lives.
 
  7.Activities include sports,language learning,music and math classes.
 
  Thirty people,including six children(six children included),went to visit the factory.
 
  8.People shouldn’t push their children so hard.
 
  9.Parents are trying to plan their kids’lives for them.When these kids are adults,they might find t difficult to plan things for themselves.
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