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八年级英语下册第七单元知识点语法点归纳汇总

高速云 初中资料 2021-05-07 08:08:36 0
八年级英语下册第七单元知识点语法点归纳汇总
  Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?
 
  重点短语
 
  1.turn…down/turn…up关小声/调大声音(电器)
 
  2.turn…on/turn…off打开/关闭(电器)
 
  3.move the bike移动自行车
 
  4.in a minute/right away/in no time立刻,马上
 
  5.be late for school/class=arrive late for school上学/上课迟到
 
  6.wait in line=stand in line排队等候
 
  7.cut in line=jump a queue插队
 
  8.get mad/annoyed变得生气
 
  9.happen to sb发生在…身上
 
  10.half an hour半小时
 
  11.at first首先
 
  12.at last=in the end=finally最后
 
  13.allow sb.to do/not to do sth.允许某人做/不做某事
 
  14.be allowed to do/not to do sth.某人不被允许某人做/不做某事
 
  15.in public当众地;公开地;公然地
 
  16.in public places在公共场所
 
  17.break the rule不遵守规则
 
  18.pick…up捡起
 
  19.put…out熄灭
 
  20.drop litter扔垃圾
 
  21.keep the voice down控制声音
 
  22.do the dishes
 
  23.put on another pair of jeans
 
  24.be at a meeting
 
  25.help me in the kitchen
 
  26.make some posters
 
  27.clothing store
 
  28.follow…around
 
  29.want to be polite
 
  30.stand in the subway door
 
  31.cut in line
 
  32.stand close to..
 
  33.have different ideas about
 
  34.feel uncomfortable
 
  35.in all situations
 
  36.in public places
 
  本单元目标句型:
 
  1.Would you mind cleaning the yard?你介意打扫院子吗?
 
  2.Not at all.I’ll do it right away.一点也不.我马上就扫.
 
  3.Would you mind not playing baseball here.你介意不要在这打棒球吗?
 
  4.Would you mind giving me a smaller one?
 
  5.Sorry,we’ll go and play in the park.对不起,我们到公园去打.
 
  6.Could you(please)make dinner?请做晚饭好吗?
 
  7.That’s no problem.没问题.
 
  8.Could you(please)not feed the dog?=Would you mind not feeding the dog?=Would you(please)not feed the dog?=Please don’t feed the dog,will you?请不要喂狗好吗?
 
  9.If you finish these tasks,we can go to a movie tonight.
 
  10.Your barber gave you a terrible haircut.
 
  11.The store clerk gave you the wrong size.
 
  12.The waitress brought you the wrong food.
 
  13.The pen you bought didn’t work.
 
  14.You ordered a hamburger with French fries but only got a hamburger.
 
  15.We asked some people what annoyed them.Here’s what they said.
 
  16.I don’t like waiting in line when a shop assistant has a long telephone conversation.
 
  17.This happens to me all the time in the school library.
 
  18.Perhaps in the future I should try not to be so polite.
 
  19.The way people behave is different in different cultures and situations.
 
  20.Sometimes,rules of etiquette are the same almost everywhere.
 
  21.We might want to ask someone to behave more politely if we see them breaking a rule of etiquette.
 
  22.Etiquette means normal and polite social behavior.
 
  23.This may seem like a difficult word at first,but it can be very useful to understand.
 
  24.In fact,we should also take care not to cough or sneeze loudly in public if possible.
 
  25.People don’t usually like to be criticized,so we have to be careful how we do this.
 
  26.看到有人抽烟你可以说:Could you please put out that cigarette?
 
  27.看到有人乱丢垃圾你可以说:Would you mind picking it up?
 
  28.看到有人插对你可以说:Sorry,would you mind joining the line?
 
  常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结
 
  使用-ing分词的几种情况
 
  1.在进行时态中。如:1.He is watching TV in the room.
 
  2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
 
  2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
 
  3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term.
 
  They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
 
  4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me.Are you good at playing basketball?
 
  What/How about doing sth?做某事怎么样?I am interested in playing football.
 
  5.在以下结构中
 
  1.enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事;
 
  2.finish doing sth;完成做某事;
 
  3.feel like doing sth想要做某事;
 
  4.stop doing sth停止做某事(原来的事)
 
  5.forget doing sth忘记做过某事;
 
  6.go on doing sth继续做某事(原来的事);
 
  7.remember doing sth记得做过某事;
 
  8.like doing sth喜欢做某事;
 
  9.find/see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做
 
  10.try doing sth试图做某事;
 
  11.need doing sth需要做某事;
 
  12.prefer doing sth宁愿做某事;
 
  13.mind doing sth介意做某事;
 
  14.miss doing sth错过做某事;
 
  15.practice doing sth练习做某事;
 
  16.be busy doing sth忙于做某事;
 
  17.can't help doing sth禁不住做某事;
 
  18.waste time/money doing浪费时间/金钱做…;
 
  19.keep sb.doing让…始终/一直做…
 
  20.stop sb.(from)doing阻止某人做某事
 
  21.prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更喜欢做B
 
  22.“do some+doing”短语
 
  如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking
 
  23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)
 
  如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating/go hunting(打猎)
 
  .注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配:
 
  I feel(am/was)excited/surprised/amazed/interested/tired/pleased/worried/lost
 
  Keep…closed/a boy called/named Tom
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